One famous example of this is the Battle of Tepetchia, where many jumped to their deaths in the Sumidero Canyon.Indigenous resistance was weakened by continual warfare with the Spaniards as well as disease, and by 1530, almost all of the indigenous peoples of the area had been subdued with the exception of the Lacandons in the deep jungles who actively resisted until 1695.The first coat of arms of the region dates from 1535 as that of the Ciudad Real (San Cristóbal de las Casas).Chiapas painter Javier Vargas Ballinas designed the modern coat of arms.Chiapas is home to the ancient Mayan ruins of Palenque, Yaxchilán, Bonampak, Chinkultic and Toniná.It is also home to one of the largest indigenous populations in the country with twelve federally recognized ethnicities.The first military incursion was headed by Luis Marín, who arrived in 1523.For three years, Marín was able to subjugate a number of the local peoples, but met with fierce resistance from the Tzotzils in the highlands.
The Mayan civilization had extensive trade networks and large markets trading in goods such as animal skins, indigo, amber, vanilla and quetzal feathers.
It is not known what ended the civilization but theories range from over population size, natural disasters, disease, and loss of natural resources through over exploitation or climate change.
Nearly all Mayan cities collapsed around the same time, 900CE.
It is divided into 124 municipalities as of September 2017 and its capital city is Tuxtla Gutiérrez.
Other important population centers in Chiapas include Ocosingo, Tapachula, San Cristóbal de las Casas, Comitán and Arriaga. It is located in Southeastern Mexico, and it borders the states of Oaxaca to the west, Veracruz to the northwest and Tabasco to the north, and by the Petén, Quiché, Huehuetenango and San Marcos departments of Guatemala to the east and southeast.